A wet and sunny January, but very average for temperature

4 02 2015

January 2015 saw above-average amounts of sunshine and rainfall right across the UK, but with temperatures averaging out to near-normal.

The first half of the month was largely unsettled, with mild, wet and windy weather interspersed with colder and drier spells.

From mid month, the colder conditions turned more persistent, with snow in places and some extensive snowfalls across the Scottish mountains.

This change of weather type led to some large temperature variations through the month, with a high of 16.5C at Exeter Airport on the 9th and a low of -13.7C at Loch Glascarnoch on the 19th.

Even though Loch Glascarnoch is in the Scottish Highlands and so is prone to very low temperatures in the winter, this was the lowest temperature recorded across the UK since 2012.

Rainfall amounts were above average across the UK, especially so in Scotland where it was the 4th wettest January in the series since 1910.

Shetland was particularly wet with Lerwick recording over twice the average rainfall; it was the wettest January here in a 100-year series.

Conversely, sunshine amounts were also above average. Nottingham, Waddington and Dyce each recorded their sunniest January in over 60 years of records.

Across the UK, it was the fifth sunniest January since 1910, with 60 hours of sunshine (compared to an average of 47 hours).

January 2015 sunshine anomaly compared to the 1981-2010 average

January 2015 sunshine duration as a percentage of the 1981-2010 average

Despite the cold end to the month, temperatures for the month as a whole were very close to average, with a mean temperature of 3.7C across the UK (just 0.1C above the 1981-2010 average).

Here are the weather extremes that we saw across the UK throughout January 2015:

You can find out more about the weather in January 2015 on the climate pages of our website.





Extreme global weather

5 01 2015

The UK may be experiencing what looks likely to be a milder than average winter but other parts of the globe are struggling against some extreme weather conditions.

Middle East

Heavy snow is expected to affect large parts of Turkey, Georgia, Armenia and SW Russia early this week. As the cold conditions spread east later in the week, strong to gale force winds and heavy snow are expected across more eastern parts of the Mediterranean.

This will lead to the Middle East seeing temperatures 10 or 15C below normal for the time of year. For example, overnight temperatures could fall to -10C in Syria by mid week, with daytime temperatures struggling to rise above freezing.

This is likely to have a significant impact on refugees and the humanitarian aid agencies in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq, with problems enhanced by the threat of frozen water supplies. Although overnight temperatures of -5 to -10C are expected, these values may well fall much lower if there is snow cover.

North America and Canada

Large areas of the USA and Canada are experiencing very cold conditions, with the threat of heavy snowfall across some parts over the coming days.

The eastward movement of a cold front over the weekend has dragged very cold air down from the arctic. Temperatures across parts of Canada have fallen to -30C, and widely across North America, daytime temperatures have ranged between 0 and -6C, with the bitterly cold conditions enhanced by strong winds.

As well as the low temperatures, some parts have seen heavy snowfall, such as the Pacific Northwest and areas to the east of the Great Lakes.

Further heavy snowfall is expected this week, particularly down-wind of the Great Lakes due to “lake effect” snow. This is caused when cold flows across relatively warm bodies of water such as the Great Lakes. The air rises in strong convective currents which creates clouds and heavy precipitation. In these very cold conditions, the moisture in the clouds will fall as snow.

Lake Superior (top left) and Michigan (centre) can be seen generating 'lake effect' snow. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

Lake Superior (top left) and Michigan (centre) can be seen generating ‘lake effect’ snow. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

The significance of this is highlighted by snowfall projections over the coming days. Lake Ontario, the easternmost of the Great Lakes with a surface area of 18,960 km2, is expected to bring narrow bands of heavy snow to areas east of the lake. These narrow bands could generate 2-3 feet of fresh snow over the next 24-36 hours causing significant disruption.

Whilst the freezing temperatures are expected to last throughout the week, temperatures may recover slightly through the weekend.

Will the US weather affect the UK?

The cold conditions will have the effect of strengthening the jet stream, which will move close to the UK over the coming days. This will bring unsettled conditions through this week, with spells of wet and windy weather, particularly across northwestern parts of the country. However, it will be mild, particularly towards the end of the working week when daytime temperatures could reach around 14C.

There is the potential for the remnants of this cold air to move eastwards across the Atlantic to affect the UK over the weekend. However, the airmass will become heavily modified by the Gulf Stream, and there is little risk of the extreme temperatures over North America affecting the UK.





Severe weather around the world

26 11 2014

While the UK is currently experiencing relatively benign weather for the time of year, extreme conditions are expected in some other parts of the world.

Morocco and Spain

Last Saturday, Agadir in Morocco saw 90mm of rain fall in just 24 hours, which is around twice the monthly November average for the region of just 50mm. The subsequent flooding resulted in more than 30 fatalities.

Unfortunately, more severe weather is expected through Friday and into the weekend across Morocco, but particularly around the southwest of the country.

A combination of a deep area of low pressure, relatively warm sea temperatures and strong winds will bring heavy rainfall. 100-150mm of rain could fall across SW Morocco on Friday with further heavy rain likely on Saturday, and totals could be enhanced over higher ground. Conditions should improve into Sunday.

Through the weekend, the same area of low pressure is expected to bring very heavy rain across North East Spain. Rainfall totals for both days could reach 150-300mm, locally 400mm over higher ground, with a gradual improvement into start of next week.

Both areas could experience flooding and landslides from the intensity and duration of rainfall, as well as the rain that has already fallen in recent days.

Forecast Chart 1200 Sat 29 Nov 2014

Forecast Pressure Chart for Midday on Saturday 29th November

North East America

A rapidly deepening area of low pressure is bringing heavy rain and snowfall across parts of the Eastern Seaboard of North America, with the storm quickly moving northeast over the coming days.

The weather has been caused by an extreme temperature contrast between the warm weather of the Gulf Coast and the bitter cold across inland parts of North America.

While heavy rain is expected on the coast, snow is likely inland, mainly but not exclusively over higher ground. As tomorrow is Thanksgiving, this system poses a risk of travel disruption to what is normally one of the busiest holiday periods in the States. Over 4 inches of snow could fall over parts of the northeast, before the weather improves into the weekend.





UK snow depths Wednesday 23 January

23 01 2013

Following further snow fall yesterday and overnight, the latest snow depth observations for the UK are below. Little Rissington in Gloucestershire has the highest snow depth so far this year with 30 cm recorded.

Location Area Elevation Depth (cm)
Little Rissington    Gloucestershire      210 30
Aboyne    Aberdeenshire        140 27
Redesdale Camp       Northumberland       211 26
Albemarle            Northumberland       142 23
Spadeadam Cumbria              285 21
Dunkeswell Aerodrome Devon                252 21
Lough Fea            Londonderry          225 19
Loftus               Cleveland            158 18
Aviemore             Inverness-Shire      228 16
Eskdalemuir          Dumfriesshire        236 15
Bingley West Yorkshire       262 13
Wittering            Cambridgeshire       73 11
Waddington           Lincolnshire         68 10
Leek, Thorncliffe    Staffordshire        298 9
Drumalbin            Lanarkshire          245 9
Wattisham            Suffolk              89 8
Coleshill            Warwickshire         96 8
Liscombe             Somerset             348 8
Brize Norton         Oxfordshire          82 8
Dyce                 Aberdeenshire        65 8
Hereford, Credenhill Hereford & Worcester 76 7
Nottingham, Watnall  Nottinghamshire      117 7
Odiham               Hampshire            118 7
Shawbury             Shropshire           72 7
Cranwell             Lincolnshire         63 7
Leeming              North Yorkshire      33 7
Altnaharra Sutherland           81 6
Marham               Norfolk              21 6
Filton               Avon                 59 5
Larkhill             Wiltshire            132 5
Scampton             Lincolnshire         57 5
Boscombe Down        Wiltshire            126 5
Middle Wallop        Hampshire            90 5
Bedford              Bedfordshire         85 5
Glenanne Armagh               161 5
Kirkwall             Orkney               26 4
Coningsby            Lincolnshire         6 4
Benson               Oxfordshire          57 4
St Athan             South Glamorgan      49 3
Dishforth Airfield   North Yorkshire      33 3
Valley               Gwynedd              10 3
Leconfield           Humberside           7 3
Strathallan Airfield Perthshire           35 3
Tulloch Bridge       Inverness-Shire      249 3
Charlwood            Surrey               67 2
Northolt             Greater London       33 2
Linton On Ouse       North Yorkshire      14 2
Hawarden Airport     Clwyd                11 2
Rostherne Cheshire             35 2
Ballypatrick Forest  Antrim               156 2
Church Fenton        North Yorkshire      8 2

Further snowfall is forecast today and in the coming days, keep up to date with your local forecasts and warnings  on our website.





Latest UK snow depths Monday 21 January

21 01 2013

Following further snow yesterday in the central and eastern areas of the country, snow depths over the UK were as follows at 9 am this morning:

Location Area Elevation Snow depth (cm)
Albemarle              Northumberland       142 19
Lough Fea              Londonderry          225 19
Sennybridge     Powys                307 18
Redesdale Camp         Northumberland       211 18
Little Rissington      Gloucestershire      210 17
Wittering              Cambridgeshire       73 16
Bingley         West Yorkshire       262 15
Waddington             Lincolnshire         68 13
Wattisham              Suffolk              89 13
Dunkeswell Aerodrome   Devon                252 13
Nottingham, Watnall    Nottinghamshire      117 12
Gutersloh              Germany              70 12
Cranwell               Lincolnshire         63 12
Coleshill              Warwickshire         96 12
Leek, Thorncliffe      Staffordshire        298 11
Liscombe               Somerset             348 11
Spadeadam   Cumbria              285 10
Filton                 Avon                 59 10
Middle Wallop          Hampshire            90 10
Aboyne    Aberdeenshire        140 10
Aviemore               Inverness-Shire      228 9
Eskdalemuir            Dumfriesshire        236 9
Marham                 Norfolk              21 9
Coningsby              Lincolnshire         6 9
Larkhill               Wiltshire            132 8
Scampton               Lincolnshire         57 8
Brize Norton           Oxfordshire          82 8
Hereford, Credenhill   Hereford & Worcester 76 7
Valley                 Gwynedd              10 7
Bedford                Bedfordshire         85 7
Shawbury               Shropshire           72 7
Charlwood              Surrey               67 6
Manston                Kent                 49 6
Boscombe Down          Wiltshire            126 6
Northolt               Greater London       33 6
Glenanne   Armagh               161 5
Heathrow               Greater London       25 5
Herstmonceux, West End East Sussex          52 5
Dyce                   Aberdeenshire        65 4
Hurn                   Dorset               10 4
Leeming                North Yorkshire      33 3
Linton On Ouse         North Yorkshire      14 3
Leconfield             Humberside           7 3
Shap                   Cumbria              252 3
Hawarden Airport       Clwyd                11 3
Rostherne   Cheshire             35 3
Odiham                 Hampshire            118 3
Benson                 Oxfordshire          57 2
Strathallan Airfield   Perthshire           35 2
Drumalbin              Lanarkshire          245 2
St Athan               South Glamorgan      49 2
Camborne               Cornwall             86.85 1
cloud cover over uk

Satellite image of the UK this morning, cloud is covering the UK which prevents us from seeing the areas covered by snowfall.

Further snow is forecast in some parts, and ice continues to be a hazard in areas that have already seen snow. Keep up to date with the latest forecasts and warnings for your area on our website.





Updated: Latest snow depths Friday 18 January

18 01 2013

As forecast, many areas of the UK have had heavy snowfall today, particularly in Wales and the south and west of England.

The heaviest snowfall so far has been in Wales, where a red warning is currently in place. Sennybridge in Powys currently has the highest total, with 26 cm of snow recorded at 12 pm today.

somersetsnow

Updated snow depths at 12 pm Friday 18 January

Location Area Elevation Snow depth ( Cm)
Sennybridge Powys 307 26
Dunkeswell Aerodrome Devon 252 15
Filton Avon 59 12
Larkhill Wiltshire 132 11
Liscombe Somerset 348 11
Middle Wallop Hampshire 90 11
Brize Norton Oxfordshire 82 10
Leek, Thorncliffe Staffordshire 298 9
Hereford, Credenhill Hereford & Worcester 76 9
Hurn Dorset 10 6
St Athan South Glamorgan 49 6
Boscombe Down Wiltshire 126 6
Northolt Greater London 33 5
Coleshill Warwickshire 96 5
Aviemore Inverness-Shire 228 5
Boulmer Northumberland 23 5
Trawsgoed Dyfed 63 4
Marham Norfolk 21 4
Shawbury Shropshire 72 4
Scampton Lincolnshire 57 4
Eskdalemuir Dumfriesshire 236 4
Wattisham Suffolk 89 4
Nottingham, Watnall Nottinghamshire 117 4
Wittering Cambridgeshire 73 3
Leconfield Humberside 7 3
Cranwell Lincolnshire 63 3
Dyce Aberdeenshire 65 3
Bingley West Yorkshire 262 3
Odiham Hampshire 118 3
Bridlington Mrsc Humberside 15 3
Heathrow Greater London 25 2
Charlwood Surrey 67 2
Andrewsfield Essex 87 2
Benson Oxfordshire 57 2
Coningsby Lincolnshire 6 2
Church Fenton North Yorkshire 8 2
Rostherne Cheshire 35 2
Albemarle Northumberland 142 2
Redesdale Camp Northumberland 211 2
Aboyne Aberdeenshire 140 2
Yeovilton Somerset 20 1
Aberporth Dyfed 133 1

Snow depths at 2 pm Friday 18 January

Location Area Elevation Snow depth ( Cm)
Sennybridge Powys 307 25
Filton Avon 59 15
Larkhill Wiltshire 132 12
Liscombe Somerset 348 12
Hereford, Credenhill Hereford & Worcester 76 11
Middle Wallop Hampshire 90 11
Brize Norton Oxfordshire 82 11
Leek, Thorncliffe Staffordshire 298 10
Coleshill Warwickshire 96 7
Northolt Greater London 33 7
Boscombe Down Wiltshire 126 7
Shawbury Shropshire 72 7
Hurn Dorset 10 7
St Athan South Glamorgan 49 5
Scampton Lincolnshire 57 4
Nottingham, Watnall Nottinghamshire 117 4
Eskdalemuir Dumfriesshire 236 4
Marham Norfolk 21 4
Yeovilton Somerset 20 4
Heathrow Greater London 25 4
Charlwood Surrey 67 4
Odiham Hampshire 118 4
Wattisham Suffolk 89 4
Trawsgoed Dyfed 63 4
Wittering Cambridgeshire 73 4
Aboyne Aberdeenshire 140 3
Leconfield Humberside 7 3
Cranwell Lincolnshire 63 3
Dyce Aberdeenshire 65 3
Waddington Lincolnshire 68 3
Boulmer Northumberland 23 3
Leeming North Yorkshire 33 3
Bingley West Yorkshire 262 3
Bridlington Mrsc Humberside 15 3
Benson Oxfordshire 57 3
Andrewsfield Essex 87 2
Church Fenton North Yorkshire 8 2
Rostherne Cheshire 35 2
Albemarle Northumberland 142 2
Redesdale Camp Northumberland 211 2
Coningsby Lincolnshire 6 2
Bedford Bedfordshire 85 2

Snow depths at 3 pm Friday 18 January

Location Area Elevation Snow depth ( Cm)
Sennybridge No 2 Powys 307 25
Filton Avon 59 16
Dunkeswell Aerodrome Devon 252 15
Larkhill Wiltshire 132 12
Brize Norton Oxfordshire 82 12
Liscombe Somerset 348 12
Hereford, Credenhill Hereford & Worcester 76 12
Middle Wallop Hampshire 90 10
Leek, Thorncliffe Staffordshire 298 9
Coleshill Warwickshire 96 8
Northolt Greater London 33 8
Boscombe Down Wiltshire 126 7
Shawbury Shropshire 72 7
Hurn Dorset 10 7
Nottingham, Watnall Nottinghamshire 117 6
Heathrow Greater London 25 5
Marham Norfolk 21 5
Odiham Hampshire 118 5
Aviemore Inverness-Shire 228 5
Cranwell Lincolnshire 63 4
Eskdalemuir Dumfriesshire 236 4
Scampton Lincolnshire 57 4
Yeovilton Somerset 20 4
Charlwood Surrey 67 4
Wittering Cambridgeshire 73 4
Wattisham Suffolk 89 4
Trawsgoed Dyfed 63 4
St Athan South Glamorgan 49 4
Benson Oxfordshire 57 3
Leeming North Yorkshire 33 3
Lough Fea Londonderry 225 3
Waddington Lincolnshire 68 3
Bridlington Mrsc Humberside 15 3
Leconfield Humberside 7 3
Bedford Bedfordshire 85 3
Aboyne No 2 Aberdeenshire 140 3
Dyce Aberdeenshire 65 3
Bingley, No 2 West Yorkshire 262 3
Church Fenton North Yorkshire 8 2
Coningsby Lincolnshire 6 2
Andrewsfield Essex 87 2
Rostherne No 2 Cheshire 35 2
Boulmer Northumberland 23 2

Further snowfall is forecast today and tomorrow. Keep up to date with your local forecasts and warnings for the latest information.

Related articles




Video forecast for heavy snow forecast for Friday

17 01 2013

A band of snow will push into the west into Friday morning with parts of Wales, the west of England and later Northern Ireland particularly at risk of heavy falls of snow and blizzard conditions in strong winds.

Met Office severe weather warnings have been issued for the heavy snow. A red warning has been issued for upland parts of southern Wales where accumulations of 10 to 15 cm are expected. Up to 30 cm is possible over the hills and blizzard conditions are likely.

An amber warning is in place for other parts of Wales, western England, the Midlands and central and southern England, as well as Northern Ireland where accumulations of 10 to 15 cm are expected and 20 cm or more over the hills.





Heavy snow forecast for the UK

17 01 2013

A band of snow will push into the west into Friday morning with parts of Wales, the west of England and later Northern Ireland particularly at risk of heavy falls of snow and blizzard conditions in strong winds.

Met Office severe weather warnings have been issued for the heavy snow. A red warning has been issued for upland parts of southern Wales where accumulations of 10 to 15 cm are expected. Up to 30 cm is possible over the hills and blizzard conditions are likely.

An amber warning is in place for other parts of Wales, western England, the Midlands and central and southern England, as well as Northern Ireland where accumulations of 10 to 15 cm are expected and 20 cm or more over the hills.

Met Office weather warnings help us all plan, prepare and protect ourselves and others from the impacts of severe weather. A red warning from the Met Office means that we need to take action to keep ourselves and others safe from the impacts of the weather. Widespread disruption to travel and other services is likely. All of us should consider changing our plans and avoiding dangerous areas.

Whilst snow will fall over most areas, the far west, including Cornwall and extreme western parts of Wales are expected to see the snow turning to rain, with the rain replacing snow across other parts of southwest England during the day.

UK snow fall depths

Andy Page, Met Office Chief Forecaster, said: “The snow is expected to be heaviest during Friday morning across Wales and the southern half of England.

“Clearly there is the potential for significant disruption to peoples plans. We should follow the advice of the emergency services and local authorities to help keep ourselves, our families and our communities safe in light of the forecast.”

Darron Burness, head of the AA’s severe weather team, said: “With the outlook remaining cold, drivers need to be prepared for possible disruption.

“Before heading out, check the Met Office weather alerts and traffic reports and allow a bit more time for your journey, as you don’t want to rush on potentially icy roads. Do the basic checks on your car and, in case of any problems, carry plenty of warm clothing, blankets, de-icer and scraper, some food, hot flask and a fully-charged mobile.”

Steve Crosthwaite, head of the Highways Agency’s National Traffic Operations Centre said: “We advise drivers to check road conditions and the Met Office weather forecast before they set off and during severe weather to consider whether their journey is essential. They may want to delay their travel until conditions improve and to allow our winter fleet the chance to treat the roads.

“Our traffic officers are working round the clock to monitor the network, deal with any incidents and keep traffic moving.”

Over the weekend we will see less severe conditions but further outbreaks of rain, sleet and snow are possible in places. The snow that has fallen will be slow to melt and ice will continue to be a risk, especially at night.

By thinking ahead we can all be better prepared for severe weather. Throughout the winter, the Met Office works with agencies across the UK to help keep the country safe, well and on the move.





What to do when heavy snow is forecast

17 01 2013

Make sure you know what to do when severe weather warnings are in place for snow.

The first and most vital thing to do is check local and national weather forecasts and keep up to date with the latest warnings from the Met Office. Check the latest forecast for your area on our severe weather page.

You can also sign up to our severe weather RSS feed or severe weather twitter account for your local area. Keep up to date on social media on our Twitter and Facebook pages.

For more information on our severe weather warnings service, watch our video guide.

When a yellow warning has been issued: be aware

Yellow_snow_iconBe aware of the likely conditions and ensure you access the latest weather forecast for up to date weather information. Be aware that:

  • There may be small amounts of snow lying on roads and pavements so slippery road surfaces are possible.
  • Traffic may move generally slower than normal, and you may wish to allow extra time for your journey.
  • You should take extra care when walking, cycling or driving in affected areas.

When an amber warning has been issued: be prepared

Amber_snow_iconDuring amber warnings be prepared to change your plans. Take precautions where possible and ensure you access the latest weather forecast. Be prepared for:

  • More widespread snow lying on roads and pavements with a number of road closures.
  • Localised disruption to road, rail and air transport with difficult driving conditions likely.  Journeys through affected areas may take longer than usual.
  • Taking extra care when walking, cycling or driving in affected areas.

When a red warning has been issued: take action

Red_snow_iconDuring red warnings keep up to date with the forecast and take action to protect yourself and your property. Take action so you are ready for:

  • Widespread deep snow with many roads closed or impassable and a high risk of drivers becoming stranded.
  • Significant disruption to road, rail and air transport.
  • Risk to personal safety. You should avoid areas that are worst affected and are likely to pose additional risks.
  • Significant disruption to normal day to day life as a result of transport issues and school closures.
  • You should take the advice of local emergency services and local authorities in your area.

For advice on clearing snow and ice from the pavement outside your home or public spaces to prevent slips and falls read the snow code.

Useful links:

UK severe weather warnings

UK local forecasts

The snow code

Get ready for winter weather

UK snow

How does snow form?

Snow forecasting in the UK





UK snow depths and overnight lows

15 01 2013

As forecast, the east of the country saw snowfall yesterday and last night, with the heaviest snow falling in Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire. Wattisham in Suffolf recorded the deepest snow, with 8 cm recorded at 9 am this morning.

Snow totals at 9 am this morning

Site Name Area Elevation Snow Depth (cm)
Wattisham           Suffolk         89 8
Marham              Norfolk         21 8
Wittering           Cambridgeshire  73 5
Eskdalemuir         Dumfriesshire   236 4
Aviemore            Inverness-Shire 228 4
Aboyne No 2         Aberdeenshire   140 4
Waddington          Lincolnshire    68 4
Scampton            Lincolnshire    57 4
Nottingham, Watnall Nottinghamshire 117 4
Bridlington Mrsc    Humberside      15 4
Coningsby           Lincolnshire    6 3
Leek, Thorncliffe   Staffordshire   298 3
Dyce                Aberdeenshire   65 3
Leconfield          Humberside      7 3
Cranwell            Lincolnshire    63 3
Boulmer             Northumberland  23 2
Loftus              Cleveland       158 2
Warcop Range        Cumbria         227 2
Andrewsfield        Essex           87 2

Temperatures also fell below freezing in many areas, although parts of the west of the country remained in single figures.

Lowest recorded overnight temperatures

Site Name Area Temperature (°C)
Altnaharra            Sutherland      -5.7
Sennybridge            Powys           -5.6
Leek, Thorncliffe             Staffordshire   -5.5
Marham                        Norfolk         -5.5
Houghton Hall                 Norfolk         -5.1
Kinbrace, Hatchery            Sutherland      -4.7
Libanus                       Powys           -4.7
Braemar             Aberdeenshire   -4.6
Aboyne                   Aberdeenshire   -4.5
Lossiemouth                   Moray           -4
Trawsgoed                     Dyfed           -3.9
Bainbridge                    North Yorkshire -3.8
High Mowthorpe                North Yorkshire -3.8
Kinloss                       Moray           -3.7
Bingley                   West Yorkshire  -3.6
Market Bosworth Bosworth Park Leicestershire  -3.6
Preston Moor Park             Lancashire      -3.5
Wattisham                     Suffolk         -3.5
Eskdalemuir                   Dumfriesshire   -3.4
Spadeadam                Cumbria         -3.4

The cold weather is set to continue for the remainder of the week, keep up to date with your local forecast for the latest update.








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